Teresa Finlayson, Ph. In all urban areas and in almost all demographic subgroups, significant increases were seen. All rights reserved.
Men who have sex with men MSM is the term used to categorize males who engage in sexual activity with other males, regardless of how they identify themselves. The term was created in the s by epidemiologists as a surveillance tool to better identify the route of HIV transmission and spread of the disease through male-male sexual activity. Prior to this, researchers were limited by the identity-based analyses—whereby men who identified as "gay" or "bisexual" weren't necessarily sexually active, while those who identified as "straight" might be sexually active with other men.
Several methods for recruiting difficult-to-access populations and collecting data on trends of HIV prevalence and behavioural factors for surveillance and research purposes have emerged. This paper aims to critically review different sampling approaches, from chain-referral and venue-based to respondent-driven, time-location and internet sampling methods, focusing on its main advantages and challenges for conducting HIV research among key populations, such as men who have sex with men. The benefits of using these approaches to recruit participants must be weighed against privacy concerns inherent in any social situation or health condition.
Republish our articles for free, online or in print, under Creative Commons licence. Research has shown that addressing HIV in certain key populations is a priority in order to end the epidemic in the general population. Key populations are groups identified by the World Health Organisation that warrant specific attention in health programmes because they face a particularly high risk of getting HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. They are also marginalised and do not have good access to health services.
Understand important health issues for gay men and men who have sex with men — from sexually transmitted infections to depression — and get tips for taking charge of your health. All men face certain health risks. However, gay men and men who have sex with men have some specific health concerns.
Knowing the risks associated with having sex and choosing the best prevention options is always important. The risk of contracting HIV and other sexually transmitted infections STIs is greater for men who have sex with men than for other people. The risk of contracting HIV and other STIs decreases through being informed, getting tested frequently, and taking preventive measures for having sex, such as using condoms.
Those provisions criminalized certain private sexual acts and have led to discrimination and violence against lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender LGBT people in Botswana. I commend the activists, civil society organizations and community groups that have campaigned so hard for this moment. In recent years, the courts in Botswana have taken a lead in protecting and promoting the human rights of marginalized groups.
Non-gay-identifying men who have sex with men are at risk for human immunodeficiency virus HIV infection. To understand these men and to develop interventions to reduce their HIV risks, the authors interviewed staff at agencies that serve non-gay-identifying men who have sex with men, business people who interact with them, and the men themselves. Interviews were augmented with focus groups of non-gay-identifying men who have sex with men and field observations at sites identified as places where they meet to negotiate or have sex. These qualitative data suggested 73 possible groups, which were consolidated into 16 broader "sectors," and then formally ranked by level of HIV risk, ease of access to the sector, psychosocial risks, and influence of other local interventions or research activities.
Maximising the number of high-risk people testing for HIV is key to ensuring prompt treatment and preventing onward infection. This study assessed how different HIV test characteristics affect the choice of testing option, including remote testing HIV self-testing or HIV self-samplingin the UK, a country with universal access to healthcare. Between 3 April and 11 Maya cross-sectional online-questionnaire-based discrete choice experiment DCE was conducted in which respondents who expressed an interest in online material used by MSM were asked to imagine that they were at risk of HIV infection and to choose between different hypothetical HIV testing options, including the option not to test.