This study examines processes linking inner-city community violence exposure to subsequent internalizing and externalizing problems. Hypothesized risk and protective factors from three ecological domains -- children's parent and peer relationships and individual characteristics -- were examined for mediating, moderating or independent roles in predicting problem behavior among children over three years of middle school. Mediation was not found.
Through relationships children learn about their world. Your child sees how you behave and communicate with other people in your life — for example, your partner, family members, friends and carers. This shows your child how to be and behave with others and how other people will behave in return.
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Adolescence is a stage of life that is distinct from childhood and adulthood. Significant physical, cognitive, identity, moral and emotional development occurs against a backdrop of changing social and family relationships. Adolescence is also one of the riskiest phases of development, due to the complexity and magnitude of change that occurs. Health and wellbeing at this stage are dependent on the interplay between physical and psychological changes and external influences.
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It has recently been argued that the relationships with people who care for and about children are the golden thread in children's lives, and [ This review explores the growing emphasis being placed on the relationships of children and young people in care. It examines: the nature and type of these relationships; what indicators are used to define quality; why relationships are beneficial; what barriers there are to their formation; what initiatives have been designed to support relationships; and what evidence there is about their impact.
Low-income families often face economic insecurity, housing instability, and difficulty seeking and maintaining employment. Prior to formal schooling, most low-income children interact primarily with their families, thus the transition to formal schooling marks the transition to a new, structured setting for low-income children Duncan et al. The risk factors of low-income homes can be ameliorated by classroom protective factors Benard,
Toddlers aren't always great at respecting other people's feelings, so how do most people grow out of it? So how are they able to grow into social butterflies a decade or two later, often capable of extraordinary friendship, loyalty and perceptiveness? While social development is a long process that lasts into our teens, our earliest experiences of forming social bonds are a lot more important than it may seem.
For more information on the importance of social relationships, check out the Social Emotional Topic of Interest page on the portal. Home New to EI? Think back to your earliest memory or even a photograph.