Adult community violence

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PMID: DOI: To examine the relationship between exposure to chronic community violence and upper respiratory illness URI symptoms among urban adolescents of color; and to test the generality of a model of the relationship between social stress and URI.

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The effects of toxic stress disrupt healthy childhood development. Early childhood is an especially critical time to leverage efforts and resources to protecting the growing architecture of the brain. Successful efforts to do so protect and promote robust systems of health, learning, and positive behavior over the life course.

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We have solutions. Yet that denial and the unwillingness to address youth violence as a community problem will have tragic consequences. Each area of the strategy must be closely examined by community stakeholders to identify risk factors, gaps in service, and strategies to address the issues.

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Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. At this workshop, participants explored public health approaches to reducing and preventing community violence. Individual participants discussed the effects of trauma and violence on communities and explored approaches that communities and multisector partners are using to build safe, resilient, and healthy communities.

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From the article: "This article is intended to provide an up-to-date overview of this relatively new area of trauma study. To narrow the definition of community violence for the purposes of this article, distinction is made between studies of crime-related trauma, which are most often conducted with adult samples, and studies of community violence exposure in children and adolescents. Several types of possible violent interpersonal events among youths are examined.

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OBJECTIVE: Although experiences of community violence are linked with negative outcomes for adults and children, few standardized measures assessing community violence exist, and available measures lack consistency concerning the definition of community violence. Further, most measures currently utilized to assess adult exposure to community violence were designed for use with children and adolescents. To address these identified concerns and make recommendations for future research, this article reviews contemporary definitions of community violence, identifies the outcomes of exposure to community violence for adults, and evaluates measures of exposure to community violence with published psychometric data employing adult samples.

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Please take this quick survey to tell us about what happens after you publish a paper. One MANOVA confirms that both boys and girls who report at least one incident of physical community violence present more psychological difficulties, especially anger. Subsequent MANOVAs show that anger intensity varies depending on whether the youth was a direct victim or a witness only, as well as on the diversity of the types of violent manifestations and on acquaintance with the perpetrator, whereas the presence of injuries has no significant effect.

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E-mail address: ascarpa vt. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Learn more.

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Abstract A large body of research has shown that exposure to community violence is common for many children across the world. However, less is known about exposure in particular subgroups such as those children with developmental disorders. Information was obtained on past-year witnessing and violence victimization in the community.

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Community violence includes many events. It might be a stranger using physical threat or direct violence to take something or hurt someone. It can also be violence between family members, close partners, or peers. These events may include cruel acts such as being shot, raped, stabbed, or beaten.

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